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Faridabad Haryana


Faridabad is a district as well as city in the south-east of Haryana state in northern India,It lies at 28 25' 16" N Latitude and 77 18' 28" E Longitude. The district shares its boundaries with the National Capital and Union Territory of Delhi to its north, Gurgaon district to the west and Uttar Pradesh to its east and south. Faridabad enjoys a prime location both geographically and politically. [1] The river Yamuna separates the District Boundary on eastern side with Uttar Pradesh. Delhi-Agra National Highway No.2 (Shershah Suri Marg) passes through the centre of the district. The city has many railway stations on the Delhi-Mathura double track broad-gauge line of the North Central Railway. The railway stations of Old Faridabad and New Industrial Township (NIT) are the major ones

Faridabad is the largest city and one of the major industrial hubs of Haryana. It generates 60% of the revenue of the state. 50% of the income tax collected in Haryana is from Faridabad and Gurgaon.[2] Faridabad is famous for Heena Production from the agricultural sector while tractors, motorcycles, switch gears, refrigerators, shoes and tyres are the famous industrial products of the city.

For the ease of Civil Administration, Faridabad district is divided into two sub divisions viz. Faridabad and Ballabgarh each headed by a Sub Divisional Magistrate. The Municipal Corporation of Faridabad (MCF) provides the urban civic amenities to the citizens of Faridabad City. Palwal, Hodal and Hathin Sub Divisions are now part of newly created Palwal District.

History
Faridabad, the south-eastern district in the state of Haryana, was founded in 1607 AD by Sheikh Farid a.k.a., Baba Farid, treasurer of Jahangir and a Sufi saint, with the object of protecting the highway which passed through the town. Sheikh Farid built a fort, a tank and a mosque which are now in ruins. Later on, it became the headquarters of a Pargana which was held in jagir by Ballabgarh ruler. Faridabad District came into existence on 15th of August, 1979 as the 12th district of the state. Faridabad District was carved out from erstwhile Gurgaon District.

As a part of Pakistani Refugee Resettlement Project after the Partition, light industrial development was initiated in the town in 1950. Thus, refugees laid down the initial infrastructure of the present Faridabad.

Social Groups
The population of the Faridabad is predominantly Hindu and it's traditional social groups are Yaduvanshi Ahirs, Jats, Rajputs, Gujjars, Brahmans, Banias and the members of the Scheduled Castes and Backward classes.The Khambojs, Khatris and Aroras also came later on.

Geography
Faridabad is located at 2826'N 7719'E? / ?28.43N 77.32E? / 28.43; 77.32.[6] It has an average elevation of 198 metres (649 ft).

The city is located on the plains of the Yamuna river. It is bordered by the Yamuna to the east and Aravali Hills towards the west and southwest. Today, virtually all of the land has been developing with residential housing as the population of the city swelled during the mid 90s.

Much like the rest of India, the people of Faridabad rely on the ground water for their basic needs which is the gift of good monsoon season.

Sports
Facilities for cricket are available in Nahar Singh Stadium which was built in 1981, the ground has a capacity to hold around 25,000 people and stands out as one of the most modern in North India having all facilities. The last ODI played here was between India and England on 31 March 2006. There is also a sports complex for sports like swimming,football etc. in the city.

There is also a golf course in the city with 9 holes play.

Economy
Faridabad is a massive economic engine of Haryana.Faridabad and Gurgaon generates over 50% of the income tax for the Haryana government.

Agriculture
Wheat was grown in Faridabad before but the agriculture has still moved towards the villages of Haryana as Faridabad saw a boom in the population in the early 90s. Almost all of the agricultural land has been taken over by the residential housing. However, the 'Anaaj Mandi' (Grain Market) of heritage value still exists in the Old Faridabad.

Central government offices
Faridabad has benefited from plans of Union Government to decongest Delhi by shifting the number of Central Government Offices to Faridabad. Many directorates of different union government ministries are headquartered in Faridabad. The Prominent among them are Central Water Commission, Department of Plant Quarantine, and Central Insecticide Lab. A number of Union Government Offices from Haryana are based here such as Department of Explosives, Department of Labour, etc.

Manufacturing
Faridabad is the industrial heart of Haryana. It is a home to hundreds of large scale companies like Auto Ignition Limited (AUTO-LEK), Star Wire India Limited, JCB,Escorts,Yamaha, Knorr Bremse,ACE,ABB, GoodYear, ACC, IndianOil(R&D), Whirlpool, Easy Infotech,Jham Plastic Industries,Havell's,L&T,Sangeeta industries, WEBTECH Engineering etc.

Information technology
Faridabad is emerging as the I.T. hub for the small and medium level enterprises providing the resources heaven such as skilled and qualified professionals with a lot of scope of doing business due to proximity to the national capital New Delhi.

Military
The Indian Air Force (IAF) has a logistics base in Faridabad. The resident unit is No.56 Air Storage Park as well as the Air Force Guard Dog Training Unit. The IAF Base has commanded by a Group Captain of the Logistics Branch. Formerly, a SA-2 SAM Squadron was also based in Faridabad. Although there is no army organisation in the city, there are many retired army officers settled here.

Communications
Faridabad is well connected by the latest means of communications that includes GSM, WLL, Dialup internet connection, DSL internet connection, Leased line internet connection.

Govt operated fixed line/land line telephone connections privately operated, world class network of fixed line phones.

Apart from electronics means of communication, the city is well connected through the postal services as well. Government owned Indian Postal Service and privately owned postal services like First Flight, DHL, FedEx, DTDC, Blue Dart etc. can be easily accessed.

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